With “Stapedectomy” surgery, stapes bone that has a limited mobility due to otosclerosis is removed and a prosthesis that can transmit the sound waves into the middle ear is placed.
With this surgery, performed either under local or general anesthesia, 90-95% successful results are obtained and conductive hearing loss can be corrected almost completely in the majority of patients.
In patients with mild conductive hearing loss or with severe sensorineural hearing loss in which middle ear hearing organs are significantly affected, surgery is not recommended. In all other otosclerosis patients, unless a severe health condition preventing surgery is present, stapedectomy surgery is recommended.
After the operation, vertigo may be present for a couple of days. Surgical sponges placed inside the ear at the end of the surgery are removed 7-10 days after and these patients can return back to their normal lives at the end of this period.
Though risks of stapedectomy surgeries performed with appropriate surgical equipment and surgical techniques are quiet small, 1% total hearing loss risk is present in each operation. Apart from that, complications like perforation of the tympanum, damaging of the facial nerve, infection formation in the ear, dislocation of the piston in the early period may be more rarely observed.